Michael Rhodes Ph.D.

Associate Professor, Biology

Education
  • Ph.D., Duquesne University
  • M.S., Duquesne University
  • B.S., Saint Vincent College
Expertise/Interests
  • Environmental Enrichment
  • Neuroendocrinology and Neuropharmacology
  • Nicotine Addiction and Withdrawal
  • Pharmacology and the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis
  • Sexual Diergism (Functional Sex Differences) and Stress
Contact
Email michael.rhodes@stvincent.edu
Phone 724-805-2360
Office Location
Dupre Science Pavilion, N110
Publications
  • Moidel M.A., Belz E.E., Czambel R.K., 4Rubin R.T., and Rhodes M.E. Novel in vitro perfusion system for the determination of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis responses. J. Pharmacol. Toxicol. Methods. 53:264-271, 2006.
  • Belz E.E., Kennell J.S., Czambel R.K., Rubin, R.T., and Rhodes M.E. Environmental enrichment lowers stress-responsive hormones in singly-housed male and female rats. Pharm. Biochem. Behav. 76:481-486, 2003.
  • Rhodes M.E., Kennell J.S., Belz E.E., Czambel R.K., and Rubin R.T. Rat Estrous cycle influences the sexual diergism of HPA axis stimulation by nicotine. Brain Res Bull 64:205-213, 2004.
  • Rhodes M.E., Czambel R.K., and Rubin R.T. Pituitary-adrenal responses to cholinergic stimulation and acute mild stress are elevated differentially in male and female M2 muscarinic receptor knockout mice. J. Neuroendocrinol. 17:817-826, 2005.
  • Rubin R.T., Miller T.H., Rhodes M.E., and Czambel R.K. Growth hormone responses to low-dose physostigmine in elderly vs. young women and men. Gerontology 52:76-84, 2006.
  • Rubin R.T., Miller T.H., Rhodes M.E., and Czambel R.K. Adrenal cortical responses to low- and high-dose ACTH1-24 administration in major depressives and matched controls. Psychiatry Research 143:43-50, 2006.
  • Rubin R.T., Rhodes M.E., Miller T.H., Jakob R., and Czambel R.K. Sequence of pituitary-adrenal cortical hormone responses to low-dose physostigmine administration in young adult women and men. Life Sci. 79:2260-2268, 2006.
  • Rhodes M.E. Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH). In: Encyclopedia of Stress, 2nd Ed. George Fink (Ed.), Academic Press, Elsevier, Inc., Oxford, 2007 (ISBN: 978-0-12-088503-9).
  • Rhodes M.E., McKlveen J.M., Karwoski T.E., Fulton B.A., and Czambel R.K. Pituitary-adrenal responses to oxotremorine and acute stress in male and female M1 muscarinic receptor knockout mice: comparisons to M2 muscarinic receptor knockout mice. . J. Neuroe
  • Rivardo M.G., Rhodes M.E., and Klein B. Lack of stereotype threat at a liberal arts college. The College Student Journal. 42:832-841, 2008.
  • Rhodes M.E., Creel T.J., and Nord A.N. Sex differences in CNS neurotransmitter influences on behavior. In: Hormones, Brain and Behavior, 2nd Edition, D. Pfaff, A.P. Arnold, A.M. Etgen, S.E. Fahrbach, R.T. Rubin (Eds.) Academic Press/Elsevier, NY, 2009, pp
  • Rhodes M.E., McKlveen J.M., Ripepi D.R., and Gentile N.E. Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal cortical axis. In: Hormones, Brain and Behavior, 2nd Edition, D. Pfaff, A.P. Arnold, A.M. Etgen, S.E. Fahrbach, R.T. Rubin (Eds.) Academic Press/Elsevier, NY, 2009, p
  • Rhodes M.E., McKlveen J.M., Ripepi D.R., and Gentile N.E. Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal cortical axis. In: Hormone/Behavior Relations of Clinical Importance — Endocrine Systems Interacting with Brain and Behavior, 1st Edition, R.T. Rubin & D. Pfaff (Eds.
  • McKlveen J.M., Wilson J.M., Rubin R.T., and Rhodes M.E. Sexually diergic, dose-dependent hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis responses to nicotine in a dynamic in vitro perfusion system. J. Pharmacol. Toxicol. Methods. 61:311-318, 2010.
  • Gentile N.E., Andrekanic J.D., Karwoski T.E., Czambel R.K., Rubin R.T., and Rhodes M.E. Sexually diergic hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) responses to single-dose nicotine, continuous nicotine infusion, and nicotine withdrawal by mecamylamine in rats.
  • Rivardo M.G., Rhodes M.E., Camaione T.C., and Legg J.M. Stereotype threat leads to reduction in number of math problems women attempt. N. Amer. J. of Psychology. 13:5-16, 2011.
  • Rubin R.T., McKlveen J.M., Fultz A.S., and Rhodes M.E. Basic principles of statistics: considerations for biomaterials engineers. In: An Introduction to Biomaterials, 2nd Edition, J.O. Hollinger (Ed.) CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. 2012, pp. 175-189. (ISBN-10
  • Skwara A.J., Karwoski T.E., Czambel R.K., Rubin R.T., and Rhodes M.E. Influence of environmental enrichment on hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) responses to single-dose nicotine, continuous nicotine by osmotic mini-pumps, and nicotine withdrawal by me
  • Rupprecht D.P. and Rhodes M.E. Affixes are essential tools when teaching and studying pharmacological drug classes. Pharmacy Education. 14:109-115, 2014.
Courses Taught
  • Advanced Pharmacology I
  • Advanced Pharmacology II
  • All About Drugs
  • Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy and Lab
  • General Biology I and Lab
  • Histology and Lab
  • Junior Research Seminar
  • Research Project
  • Research Thesis
Presentations
  • Belz E.E., Kennell J.S., Czambel R.K., Rubin, R.T., and Rhodes M.E. Environmental enrichment lowers stress-responsive hormones in singly-housed male and female rats. Pharm. Biochem. Behav. 76:481-486, 2003.
  • Gentile N.E., Andrekanic J.D., Karwoski T.E., Czambel R.K., Rubin R.T., and Rhodes M.E. Sexually diergic hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) responses to single-dose nicotine, continuous nicotine infusion, and nicotine withdrawal by mecamylamine in rats.
  • McKlveen J.M., Wilson J.M., Rubin R.T., and Rhodes M.E. Sexually diergic, dose-dependent hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis responses to nicotine in a dynamic in vitro perfusion system. J. Pharmacol. Toxicol. Methods. 61:311-318, 2010.
  • Moidel M.A., Belz E.E., Czambel R.K., 4Rubin R.T., and Rhodes M.E. Novel in vitro perfusion system for the determination of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis responses. J. Pharmacol. Toxicol. Methods. 53:264-271, 2006.
  • Rhodes M.E. Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH). In: Encyclopedia of Stress, 2nd Ed. George Fink (Ed.), Academic Press, Elsevier, Inc., Oxford, 2007 (ISBN: 978-0-12-088503-9).
  • Rhodes M.E., Creel T.J., and Nord A.N. Sex differences in CNS neurotransmitter influences on behavior. In: Hormones, Brain and Behavior, 2nd Edition, D. Pfaff, A.P. Arnold, A.M. Etgen, S.E. Fahrbach, R.T. Rubin (Eds.) Academic Press/Elsevier, NY, 2009, pp
  • Rhodes M.E., Czambel R.K., and Rubin R.T. Pituitary-adrenal responses to cholinergic stimulation and acute mild stress are elevated differentially in male and female M2 muscarinic receptor knockout mice. J. Neuroendocrinol. 17:817-826, 2005.
  • Rhodes M.E., Kennell J.S., Belz E.E., Czambel R.K., and Rubin R.T. Rat Estrous cycle influences the sexual diergism of HPA axis stimulation by nicotine. Brain Res Bull 64:205-213, 2004.
  • Rhodes M.E., McKlveen J.M., Karwoski T.E., Fulton B.A., and Czambel R.K. Pituitary-adrenal responses to oxotremorine and acute stress in male and female M1 muscarinic receptor knockout mice: comparisons to M2 muscarinic receptor knockout mice. . J. Neuroe
  • Rhodes M.E., McKlveen J.M., Ripepi D.R., and Gentile N.E. Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal cortical axis. In: Hormone/Behavior Relations of Clinical Importance — Endocrine Systems Interacting with Brain and Behavior, 1st Edition, R.T. Rubin & D. Pfaff (Eds.
  • Rhodes M.E., McKlveen J.M., Ripepi D.R., and Gentile N.E. Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal cortical axis. In: Hormones, Brain and Behavior, 2nd Edition, D. Pfaff, A.P. Arnold, A.M. Etgen, S.E. Fahrbach, R.T. Rubin (Eds.) Academic Press/Elsevier, NY, 2009, p
  • Rivardo M.G., Rhodes M.E., and Klein B. Lack of stereotype threat at a liberal arts college. The College Student Journal. 42:832-841, 2008.
  • Rivardo M.G., Rhodes M.E., Camaione T.C., and Legg J.M. Stereotype threat leads to reduction in number of math problems women attempt. N. Amer. J. of Psychology. 13:5-16, 2011.
  • Rubin R.T., McKlveen J.M., Fultz A.S., and Rhodes M.E. Basic principles of statistics: considerations for biomaterials engineers. In: An Introduction to Biomaterials, 2nd Edition, J.O. Hollinger (Ed.) CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. 2012, pp. 175-189. (ISBN-10
  • Rubin R.T., Miller T.H., Rhodes M.E., and Czambel R.K. Adrenal cortical responses to low- and high-dose ACTH1-24 administration in major depressives and matched controls. Psychiatry Research 143:43-50, 2006.
  • Rubin R.T., Miller T.H., Rhodes M.E., and Czambel R.K. Growth hormone responses to low-dose physostigmine in elderly vs. young women and men. Gerontology 52:76-84, 2006.
  • Rubin R.T., Rhodes M.E., Miller T.H., Jakob R., and Czambel R.K. Sequence of pituitary-adrenal cortical hormone responses to low-dose physostigmine administration in young adult women and men. Life Sci. 79:2260-2268, 2006.
  • Rupprecht D.P. and Rhodes M.E. Affixes are essential tools when teaching and studying pharmacological drug classes. Pharmacy Education. 14:109-115, 2014.
  • Skwara A.J., Karwoski T.E., Czambel R.K., Rubin R.T., and Rhodes M.E. Influence of environmental enrichment on hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) responses to single-dose nicotine, continuous nicotine by osmotic mini-pumps, and nicotine withdrawal by me
Projects
  • Rhodes M.E. Adrenocorticotropic Hormone. In: Handbook of Stress Volume 2: Neuroendocrinology and Endocrinology. G. Fink (Ed.) Elsevier, Inc. Accepted for Publication, 2015.
Professional Memberships
  • American Association for the Advancement of Science (1996-present)
  • American Society of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics (1998-present)
  • Society for Neuroscience (2003-present)